What Are Bosons?

Bosons are particles that can carry energy and other forces across the universe. 

The standard model for particle physics, the strongest theory of sub-atomic matter,

Divides all particles in the universe into two categories: fermions and bosons.

Bosons are named after Satyendra Nath Bose, an Indian physicist who, in the 1920s,

Conducted significant research on the behavior of the photon, the most well-known boson.

Bosons are distinguished by a key quantum mechanical property called "spin."

This can be described as the amount of deflection that a particle experiences when it encounters a magnetic field.

Bosons can take whole integer spins, including zero. These particles can have spin values of 0, 1, -1 and 2, respectively.

These include mesons, formed when two quarks bond, and atoms with an even number of fermions.