Swedish manufacturing giant Volvo Construction Equipment has begun to test the world's first hydrogen-fuel-cell-powered articulated hauler. Volvo's first articulated, hydrogen-powered Volvo hauler.

Heavy-duty, large dump trucks that haul bulky loads on rough terrain or occasionally on public roads are called articulated haulers. They have a swivel joint that allows them to move or articulate to keep the cab steady.

Volvo's HX04 articulated trucker is the result of a research project that began in 2018. It can be charged with 12kg of hydrogen in 7.5 minutes. This allows it to run for approximately four hours.

The fuel cell works by combining hydrogen and oxygen. This chemical reaction creates electricity that powers the machine. The fuel cells emit only water vapor but can also produce heat which can be used to heat the cab.

Hydrogen must be made from renewable energy sources to be considered "green." Learn more about hydrogen production.

Volvo explains: A fuel cell is essentially a battery, except it produces its electricity using hydrogen stored on board and not being charged from external sources. Fuel cell electric vehicles have a similar uptime, range, and fueling time to combustion engine-powered vehicles.

Due to the large batteries required, hydrogen is not a good choice for cars. However, it can be used for larger equipment. The infrastructure for hydrogen charging is still being developed.

Shell has set up a hydrogen refueling station on the Volvo CE track in Braas (Sweden), where Volvo has been manufacturing articulated haulers since 1966.

The prototype six-wheeler was developed, and the fuel cell test lab is located at the Technology Center, Eskilstuna in Sweden.

Volvo claims that the commercialization of hydrogen-powered machines will begin in 2025. Carolina Diez Ferrer is the head of advanced engineering programs for Volvo Construction Equipment.

We are proud to be the inventors of the first articulated hauler in the world more than 55 years ago.

Although this is a prototype, it will provide valuable insight into the potential of hydrogen in energy transformation and battery-electric solutions.

We believe combining multiple technologies and working together can help us find the best way to decarbonize construction.

Volvo Construction Equipment is committed to achieving net-zero emissions in 2040. It is already deploying electric construction equipment in Europe, the United States, and elsewhere.