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James Webb Space Telescope On The Way To Find Universe's 1st-Ever Black Holes

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NASA's next-generation space observatory cannot observe supermassive black holes directly; 

However, it doesn't mean that astronomers cannot use that data (provided by James Webb) to comprehend the mystery of these massive astrophysical beasts.

The possibilities are shown in the first images of the James Webb Space Telescope (nicknamed JWST or Webb), which NASA announced on July 12. 

Although supermassive black hole structures are not visible to any observatories that collect light from them, JWST will be able to look at the structures indirectly.

In the images collected from James Webb, scientists can see an extremely massive black hole or, 

More precisely, the light released from the matter heating and falling into the enormous structure, 

which is about 24 million times the solar mass, per the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, which runs the observatory.

The results let scientists analyze the cloud surrounding the supermassive black holes, discovering the proportion of intriguing chemicals in which areas. 

"We are testing the atmosphere of a black hole," Mather, One Of the Astrophysicists at NASA, said. 

"We can now see the structure of the hydrogen cloud, the iron cloud, atomic hydrogen cloud, molecular hydrogen, and other hydrogen clouds as they orbit around or try to enter its gravitational field."

It was also discovered that the NIRCam and the MIRI instruments also generated "data cubes,"

Which allowed scientists to determine the location in the cloud surrounding the supermassive black holes, where the individual chemicals are situated.

"The story of our solar system could have been quite different without the massive black hole in the galaxy we live in," Mather said at the end.