History of Chatbots (From The Alan Turing Test to Tay)

 history of chatbot (from alan turing to tay)

Hey Everyone, I hope you all are well and we come up with an interesting story about History of Chatbots. Everyone knows that Chatbots have so many applications and are widely used by companies like Facebook, IBM, Microsoft, Apple, etc.

1. The Turing Test - Launched in 1950

Alan Turing Test

Alan Turing theorized that a truly intelligent machine would be indistinguishable from a human during a text-only conversation. These ideas essentially laid the foundations for the chatbot revolution. 

2. Eliza - Launched in 1966

Eliza Chatbot

Conversation between Eliza chatbot and User shown in above Image.

Eliza was created at the MIT CSAIL Laboratory to simulate human conversation by matching user prompts to scripted responses. It gave an illusion of understanding but had no built in framework for contextualizing events 

3. Parry - Launched in 1972

parry and eliza conversation

Above shown Image contains conversation between two chatbots (Eliza and Parry) 

While eliza was a tongue-in-cheek simulation of a therapist, parry simulated a person with paranoid schizophrenia. It embodied a conversational strategy and was much more serious than eliza 

4. Jabber Wacky - Was Launched in 1988

jabber wacky chatbot

Developed in the 1980s and released online in 1997, the jabber wacky chatbot was designed to "Simulate natural human chat in an interesting, entertaining and humorous manner

5. Dr Sbaitso - Launched in 1992 

An AI speech synthesis program created for MS dos-based PCs. Dr. Sbaitso assumed the role of a psychologist when interacting with others and was designed to showcase a digitized voice. 

6. Alice - Launched in 1995

alice chatbot

Conversation between human and Alice chatbot is shown in above Image.

The "Artificial linguistic internet computer entity" aka ALICE was a natural language processing bot. She could apply heuristic pattern matching rules to human input in order to have a conversation, but was still not able to pass the Turing test. 

7. Smarter Child - Launched in 2001

An intelligent bot widely distributed across SMS networks and buddy lists of AOL and MSN messengers users. It offered a fun personalized conversation and was considered a precursor to apple's SIRI and Samsung's s voice.

8. IBM's Watson -  Launched in 2006

Watson was originally designed to compete on the tv show 'jeopardy!' in which he beat two of the show's former champions. Watson has since gone on to bigger and better things using natural language processing and machine learning to reveal insights from large amounts of data. 

9. Siri - Launched in 2010

Apple Siri

Siri is an intelligent personal assistant. It is part of apple's iOS and uses a natural language UI to answer questions and perform various requests. Siri did the groundwork for all later artificial intelligence bots and personal assistants. 

10. Goggle Now (Presently known as Google Assistant) - Launched in 2012

Developed by google for the goggle search mobile app, it employs a natural language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by passing on requests to a set of web services 

11. Cortana - Launched in 2015

Microsoft's version of the intelligent assistant that can set reminders and answer questions using the Bing search engine. Cortana recognizes natural voice commands and is available in a number of different languages.

12.  Alexa - Launched in 2015

amazon echo

An intelligent personal assistant that inhabits the amazon echo device, Alexa is capable of voice interaction, using natural language processing algorithms to receive, recognize, and respond to voice commands. 

13. Tay - Launched in 2016

Tay was a chatbot created by Microsoft to mimic the speech and habits of a teenage girl. It caused controversy when it began to post offensive tweets and became increasingly paranoid. It eventually had to be shut down just 16 hours after launch. 

14. Bots for Messenger - Launched in 2016

In april, facebook launched a messenger platform which allows developers to create bots that can interact with facebook users. At the end of 2016, 34,000 bots were available covering a wide range of use cases.

There are more companies nowadays which are making Chatbots using GPT. We will discuss it in the upcoming articles. Thanks for spending your important time on this. For more updates, stay tuned with us.